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Climatic chamber

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The School of Architecture & Wind Engineering
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Climatic chamber

A climatic chamber was constructed to systematically analyze the relationship between the natural crosswind fluctuations, the amount of sweat produced, and the skin temperature. Figure 1 shows a plan view of the climatic chamber and Figure 2 shows the interior of the laboratory inside the climatic chamber. The climatic chamber was designed to meet the following air-conditioning requirements:
 * Temperature: 20 to 35℃ ± 0.5℃
 * Humidity: 40 to 70% ± 2%
 * Wind velocity: 0.1 to 2.0 m/s
The climatic chamber has a dimension of 5 m wide × 11 m long × 3 m high. It houses a laboratory (3.7 m wide × 8 m long × 2.7 m high), a pre-room and a fan room.

The climatic chamber is equipped with:
 * a heat source system consisting of a hot-water boiler and a brine chiller unit;
 * two compact air-conditioning units (one with an air supply capacity of 3,000 m3/h and a cooling and heating capacity of 10.5 KW, and the other with an air supply capacity of 2,000 m3/h and a cooling and heating capacity of 7.0 KW); and
  * an electrically-heated vaporizing humidifier (10.0 Kg/h). Figure 3 shows the airflow generator installed in the fan room. It is comprised of 48 plug fans driven by 280-W DC motors. It aims to reproduce the long-frequency fluctuations of the natural crosswind by controlling the revolution speeds of each motor from a desktop computer.

Figure 2. Interior of laboratory inside the climatic chamber

Figure 3. Fan room

Figure 1. Plan view of the Climatic Chamber